Products — Greening & EFA's

Green Manure Mixtures

These are becoming more popular all the time as they have 2 very important roles. They add organic matter to the soil and make nitrogen available to the following crop. Typical ingredients used are Red Clover, White Clover, Phacelia, Mustard, Vetch, Rye, Italian Ryegrass and Minerva Maple Peas.

Greening & EFA's

The full impact of voting to leave the EU on farm payment schemes going forward is still yet to be fully understood.  In the short term however, any existing schemes will still need to be managed.

Following CAP reforms the Single Payment Scheme for farmers was replaced from
1st January 2015 for a Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) This scheme contains mandatory greening requirements, which will account for around 30% of the total payment.

One key aspect of this scheme is the so called ‘3 crop rule’ whereby farmers with more than 30ha of arable land that are not exempt are required to grow at least three different crops with the largest crop not covering more than 75% of that arable land. This has triggered a higher demand for growing pulses, which can also offer an alternative break crop to oilseed rape. Please contact us for more information about the options with pulses and see the relevant sections within this brochure.

Another key aspect of the scheme is the introduction of Ecological Focus Areas (EFA), which dictates that any farm with over 15ha of arable land that are not exempt must ensure that an area equivalent to 5% of the arable area be EFA. There are five options that can be used in combination to fulfill the EFA area requirement but these options are not all weighted equally whereby some will require a larger or smaller area to count as a hectares worth of EFA. Options are: Hedgerows, Buffer Strips, Fallow, Nitrogen Fixing Crops and Catch/ Cover Crops.

Full detailed information on all aspects of the schemes can be found at

Some of our standard seed mixtures are EFA compliant as outlined but we are also able to produce completely bespoke mixtures to your particular specification. At Church of Bures we are placed extremely well to cater for these demands as we produce most of the crops ourselves.

Please contact us to discuss all your requirements.

Part of the greening rules under the current BPS is the management of ecological focus areas (EFA's)

EFA's can be made up of:

  • Hedge
  • Buffer strips
  • Nitrogen fixing crops
  • Fallow land
  • Catch and cover crops

There have recently been some changes to these rules and we fully expect more changes in the future as the government outlines its plans for agricultural policy post leaving the EU.

The latest rule changes can be found at

We can supply standard or bespoke seed mixtures to help you fulfil our EFA criteria, please call us with your requirements.



Catch Crops & Cover Crops

Eligible catch/cover crops are:


  • Rye
  • Barley
  • Oats

Non Cereal

  • Vetch
  • Phacelia
  • Mustard
  • Lucerne
  • Oilseed
  • Radish

Grass is also permissible as long as it was undersown in the previous crop and is visible and dense enough to cover the ground by the start of the catch crop or cover crop period. Some suggested mixtures are detailed however we appreciate that every situation is different so at Church of Bures we can produce your very own bespoke mixture to include any percentages of the eligible crops.

Church Rapid Fix

75% Rye
25% Vetch
Sow at 50-65kg/ha

• Rapid establishment and excellent winter ground cover offers good weed suppression.
• Also nitrogen fixing.

Church Maxi Cover

80% Oats
15% Vetch
5% Phacelia
Sow at 40-50kg/ha

• High Dry Matter cover crop with good weed suppression and nitrogen fixing.

Church Easy Cover

75% Rye
25% Mustard
Sow at 25-40kg/ha

• Economic cover crop which rapidly establishes suppressing weeds and is easy to incorporate back into the soil.

Church Deep Fix

75% Oats
15% Vetch
10% Oilseed Radish
Sow at 35-50kg/ha

• Nitrogen fixing cover crop with the ability to root through compacted soils improving structure.